CBD 101 – Learn The Lingo Around CBD
The incredible demand for CBD has the hemp industry experiencing a gold rush of sorts, you see CBD being sold everywhere.. At a minimum, folks want to learn more about the products they constantly hear about. Learning about CBD has its challenges because to many the terminology is new and unfamiliar. That is why we organized a list of the most common CBD terms. Think of this as CBD 101, where you will learn about hemp and CBD.
The Most Common Terms
Hemp: To many people Hemp is a often confused as marijuana. This is false. Think of hemp as a cousin of marijuana. They are in the same family Cannabis sativa, and they share many of the same compounds (cannabinoids), but are different. The biggest difference is that hemp is federally legal and it can not produce enough THC to get high from.
Cannabinoids. These are the active compounds found in the hemp plant. Some species of hemp contain more than a hundred cannabinoids, the exact number is unknown. New cannabinoids are identified regularly as well as the potential health benefits they may possess. The two cannabinoids with the highest concentration in the plant are THC and CBD.
Cannabidiol. This cannabinoid is most commonly referred to by its abbreviated name CBD. Cannabidiol is the 2nd most prevalent active ingredient found in the hemp plant. CBD has no intoxicating effects, and it is under going serious worldwide research for its therapeutic potential.
THC. Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, is the only cannabinoid that produces intoxicating effects and can get you “high”. Unlike hemp, marijuana which produces high levels of THC is still federally illegal.
Full Spectrum. Full Spectrum products made from the legal hemp plant contain all the active compounds found in the plant. These include CBD and any other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavinoids and the small amount of THC found in the plant. Federal law requires the THC level to be processed and reduced to a maximum of 0.3% or less. Full Spectrum products provide what is known the entourage effect.
Broad Spectrum. Broad Spectrum products made from the legal hemp plant contain all the active compounds found in the plant. These include CBD and any other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavinoids. All traces of THC are so broad spectrum products are THC FREE. Broad Spectrum products can also provide what is known the entourage effect.
Isolate. Isolate hemp is commonly called pure cbd bewcause it is processed to a powder form that is at least 99% pure cannabidiol. It contains little to no other cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids, and has no THC presence.
CO2 Extraction. An expensive process that uses pressurized carbon dioxide to pull the desired cannabinoids, terpenes, oils and waxes from hemp plant material. As the industry standard for ethical hemp extraction, it does not introduce harmful chemicals into the product as with traditional solvent extractions and is therefore considered the safest and cleanest method to extract compounds from plants.
Entourage Effect. The theory that THC and CBD work more efficiently together than alone to create greater benefit, hence the appeal of Full Spectrum products.
Tincture. Hemp extract (full spectrum, broad spectrum or isolate) that is infused with a carrier oil, usually MCT oil or hemp seed oil, intended for oral consumption. In traditional herbal context, the word tincture refers to an alcohol base. Today, it commonly refers to oil-based infusions as well, despite this being something of a misnomer.
Topical. Hemp extract infused with a number of skin safe ingredients for external use. For example, body butters and moisturizing creams.
Edible. While CBD now appears in a number of foods (baked goods, confections, beverages) the term most commonly refers to gummies or capsules within the CBD industry.
Now that you’ve got a basic understanding of some of the most common CBD lingo feel free to browse some of the best CBD products out there! Shop now!